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North Korean Abduction Victims Worldwide 

NationalityNumber of VictimsSources/Notes
South Korean82,959(1)Recognized by ROK government.
489(2)Recognized by ROK government.
Japanese19
about 100
Recognized by Japanese government. Two Korean residents of Japan (children) included .Additional Victims estimated by Families Association and NARKN.
Lebanese4Abducted in 1978 and returned home in late 1979.One was married in North Korea to a US serviceman, a deserter.
Thai1This victim was married in North Korea to a US serviceman, a deserter.
Romanian1This victim was married in North Korea to a US serviceman, a deserter.
Chinese2Choi Un-hee, a South Korean abductee who later returned home, met and talked with one of these two victims while in North Korea.
Malaysian4Choi Un-hee heard about one of these victims while in North Korea.Four Malaysian women disappeared from Singapore all on the same date in August 1978. Mr.Jenkins saw a woman who very much looked like one of them in Pyongyang later.
Singaporean1A Singaporean woman disappeared along with above mentioned Malaysian women.
French3An abducted Lebanese victim saw these French abductees in 1978. Choi Un-hee and Kim Hyon-hi, a KAL bomber, heard about one of them while in North Korea.
Italian3Abducted Lebanese saw them in 1978 in a North Korean spy camp.
Dutch2Abducted Lebanese saw them in 1978 in a North Korean spy camp.
Jordanian1Choi Un-hi saw this victim while in North Korea.
(1)civilian victims during the Korean War 
(2)abductees after 1953ceasefire

 

 

Worldwide abductions perpetrated
 by North Korea in 12 countries

December, 2006

Association of the Families of Victims Kidnapped by North Korea (AFVKN)
National Association for the Rescue of Japanese Kidnapped by North Korea(NARKN)

 
Abduction by North Korea has been committed all around the world. Even now, there are nationals from no fewer than 12 countries that have been abducted and still remain separated from their homeland. In September 2002, the North Korean government admitted to have abducted Japanese citizens, including a Japanese girl at a mere 13 years of age. The Republic of Korea also puts the estimates of abductees who remain unreturned at 82,959 from the Korean War and 489 during the post-war period. 

Through our investigation, it has become evident that in addition to the fact there are abductees from Thailand, Lebanon, Romania and China, there is also credible information of other possible cases of abduction involving citizens from France, Italy, Jordan, Malaysia and Singapore. In short, countries which have fallen victim to North Korean abduction may amount to no less than 12 different countries.

The abduction issue is not an issue for North Korea and Japan alone. This is a state sponsored terrorist act carried out in at least 12 countries by North Korea and an issue that the international community must stand up to resolve in unison. The following outlines cases of abduction beside those of Japan and the Republic of Korea.

1. Abduction of a Thai citizen

In 2005, a Japanese abductee Ms. Soga and her husband Mr. Robert Jenkins (returned to Japan in 2002 and 2004 respectively) testified that there were 3 other American deserters, all of whom were married to the following abductees: Ms. Anocha of Thailand; Ms. Shiham of Lebanon; Ms. Doina of Romania. Ms. Soga and Mr. Jenkins also provided what they learned of their identities in detail.

In October 2005, the Thai press ran a wide coverage on the testimonies of Ms. Soga and Mr. Jenkins which led to a family publicly announcing themselves to be related to Ms. Anocha, who disappeared in Macau. In the same month, AFVKN and NARKN interviewed the family of Ms. Anocha to find out that the following points matched the testimonies of Ms. Soga and Mr. Jenkins.

(A) Time and place of disappearance: June 1978, Macau
(B) Circumstance of disappearance: Ambushed and forced onto a boat on a beach while taking a man a tour guide. The man claimed to be Japanese.
(C) Composition of family: one father and one brother
(D) Profession at time of disappearance: Massage therapist at a hotel

Thus far, the Thai government has demanded that the North Korean government conduct an investigation into the matter, to which the North Koreans have replied that no such individual exists in their country.


2. Abduction of Lebanese citizens

Even before the testimonies by Ms.Soga, the case of abduction of Ms. Shiham was already a publicized incident. In July 1978, Ms. Shiham and 3 other Lebanese ladies were told they were offered jobs with a Japanese company and enticed into going to North Korea. Afterwards, 2 abductees managed to escape their captors in 1979 and the Lebanese government recovered the 2 remaining citizens through negotiations with North Korea in the same year. 

Ms. Shiham, however, has returned and continues to live in North Korea as she had married to another American deserter and given birth to a child.

3. Abduction of Romanian citizen

With regard to Romanian abductee Ms. Doina, there is no information other than the testimonies of Ms. Soga and Mr. Jenkins. In July 1978, during her studies in Italy as an art student, Ms. Doina was enticed into going to either Japan or Hong Kong to become an artist. Ms. Doina married another American deserter and become a mother to 2 sons. She lived in the same apartment as Ms. Soga and Mr. Jenkins from 1984 and passed away in 1997 from cancer. According to their testimonies, Ms. Doina’s father who is Romanian and her mother who is Russian live in Romania.

This information has already been passed on to the Romanian government through diplomatic channels, but to this day, no missing Romanian has matched this description.

4. Abduction of Chinese citizen

On exactly the same day that Ms. Anocha of Thailand was abducted (July 2nd, 1978) 2 ladies also disappeared from Macau. They were Ms. Hong Leng-ieng (born 1957) and Ms. So Mio-chun(born 1955 or 1956), who worked as clerks for a jewellery shop in Hotel Lisboa.

By coincidence, there is a Korean abductee who testified to have befriended a Macau abductee by the name of Ms. Hong. This Korean abductee is South Korean actress Ms. Choi Un-hee, who was abducted in 1978 by North Korea and escaped in 1986.

In December 2005, AFVKN and NARKN interviewed Ms. Choi Un-hee in depth of her knowledge of person information relating to Ms. Hong before cross-checking with the family of Ms. Hong in January 2006. As a result, the following details completely matched.
(A) Composition of family: Ms. Hong has a mother one brother in Macau
(B) Profession of father and mother: Teacher and Sewer
(C) Academic background: Volleyball player during her high school years, after which she gave up her desire to go to university and to took up a job so that her younger brother could go to university.
(D) Profession at time of disappearance: Clerk at a jewellery shop, while working part-time as a tourist guide.
(E) Age at time of disappearance: 20 years old when abducted in summer
(F) Religious belief: Catholic

Furthermore, although their family had not known Ms. Hong’s baptismal name, the church later confirmed Ms. Choi Un-hee’s claim to be correct and that it was “Maria”.

On October 8th, 2006, when Japanese Prime Minister Abe asked Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao of any cases of Chinese abductions by North Korea during the dinner reception, the Chinese Premier replied that they had not yet identified any such individual.

5. Abduction of French, Italian and Dutch citizens

In 1979, the Lebanese government interviewed the aforementioned citizens immediately after their recovery, which was reported on November 9th by the Lebanese newspaper “El Nahar”(Arabic). According to this article, the Lebanese victims testified on the following with regard to European abductees.

“Once our passports were confiscated, we were sent to an institution where we were trained in spy activities including judo, taekwondo, karate, eavesdropping as well as being given indoctrination lectures to believe the teachings of Kim Il-Sung. There were 28 young ladies in the institute including 3 French, 3 Italian, 2 Dutch ladies among other Western-European and Middle-Eastern ladies. They were equally powerless in rebelling against their captors.” 

The 3 Lebanese abductees who currently reside in Lebanon and the U.S. are keeping quiet to any media requests in fear of terrorist attacks by North Korea.

With regard to the French abductees, there is another substantial testimony by the aforementioned Korean abductee Ms. Choi Un-hee. She testified that, “A North Korean agent was sent to France who approached his female targets as a heir of a wealthy oriental family and lured them with lavish gifts. The French abductee succumbed to her vanity, gave in to his enticement and agreed to marry the North Korean agent. The North Korean agent proposed to go on a honeymoon and took her sightseeing in China before reaching North Korea. On reaching Pyongyang airport, the agent disappeared as another North Korean agent stepped forward to take charge of the French abductee. The French abductee pleaded to the new agent to look for her fiancé, but the new agent only replied that there was no such person in the country before incarcerating her in a ‘guest house’ and instigating a brainwash.”* Ms. Choi Un-hee revealed this information to NARKN as information she obtained from a male hairdresser who only worked routinely in guesthouses.

In addition to the above information, North Korean ex-agent and Korean Airlines bomber Kim Hyon-hee describes a story similar to that of Ms. Choi Un-hee in her memoirs, which is explained as information obtained from a maid working in a guesthouse dedicated to abductees “ I heard that there is an attractive foreign lady who was abducted by a North Korean agent. On reaching North Korea, the agent disappeared and the foreign lady repeatedly asked for someone to find the agent. She was met with daily beatings and being told to stop talking nonsense.” ** 

6. Abduction of Jordanian citizens
Ms. Choi Un-hee has also encountered a Jordanian lady who is most likely to be an abductee. AFVKN and NARKN have learned of the following information from Ms. Choi Un-hee.

“From December 1978 to spring 1979, I (Ms. Choi Un-hee) lived in Guesthouse No.4 in Pyongyang, and during a stroll, I came across a lady with whom I exchanged a few words. She said that she was from Jordan and looked to be in her twenties. 
At the time I was wearing a handmade knit cap and she asked me through her guard which shop sold my cap. I answered that it was my hand made cap and later sent her a knit cap that I made for her. She sent me a handkerchief in return for Christmas.
I once witnessed her arguing in a loud voice with her guard behind trees. She seemed to be able to go shopping with her guard quite freely. I suspect she may have left North Korea to indulge in spy activities after finishing her spy training.
I recall that at the time, the King of Jordan visiting North Korea and that I had felt that it was cynical that His Majesty was being hosted by those who were abducting his citizens.”

7. Abduction of Malaysian and Singaporean citizens
On August 20th, 1978, there was an incident in which 5 women were abducted. This incident is related to 2 men claiming to be Japanese requested an escort company to send 5 ladies for a floating party, after which these 5 ladies went disappearing along with the boat itself. Among the disappearing are 22 year-old Yeng Yoke Fun, 22 year-old Yap Me Leng, 19 year-old Seetoh Tai Thim, 19 year-old Margaret Ong Guat Choo and 24 year-old Singaporean Diana Ng Kum Yim.

In 2005, Mr. Jenkins testified that Malaysian Ms. Yeng Yoke Fun looked very similar to a lady he witnessed working for an amusement park in Pyongyang from 1980 to 1981.

A common aspect in the case involving the Thai lady and the case involving the Chinese lady is that perpetrator claimed to be Japanese. A portrait of this perpetrator was shown to the manager of the escort company by the Singaporean police, to which the manager testified that it marked a stark resemblance to the perpetrator of the 5 Singaporean abductees.

Ms. Yeng’s older brother has held a news conference at the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and appealed for the release of his sister on December 16th, 2005. 

Although the connection to these incidents remain unclear, the aforementioned Ms. Choi Un-hee also recalls hearing from her maid that there was a Malaysian couple living in another guesthouse during her captive years in North Korea.

8. Background of North Korean abduction from 12 countries

All cases of abduction committed around the globe by North Korea have occurred mainly in the late 1970s. Dates of abduction of citizens from Thai, Lebanon, China, Malaysia and Singapore are clear and are all in 1978. It is also evident from testimonies that abduction of French, Italian, Dutch, Jordanian and Romanian citizens was also committed in the late 1970s. Cases of abduction of Japanese citizens also centre around the late 1970s. In the Republic of Korea, abduction of 5 high school boys from the beach also successively happened between 1977 and 1978.

North Korean ex-Special Operations agent Ahn Myong-jin testifies the following.

“Abduciton was committed from the 1960s at the latest, but was only vehemently pursued from the mid-1970s. On being designated as successor to Kim Il-Sung in 1974, Kim Jong-Il immediately embarked on taking charge of the Party Bureau responsible for South Korean infiltration, which the Bureau that is given overall priority including funding and staff. To take full command of the Bureau, Kim Jong-Il conducted an investigation into the Bureau’s activities and criticized its achievement as nil. Kim Jong-Il then ordered the Bureau to ensure that the agents could impersonate the local population to perfection and to bring locals to North Korea as teachers for the agents. Under this order, Japanese, Korean, Arab, Chinese and European citizens were abducted in an organized manner. I was taught this as an example accrediting Kim Jong-Il of his success in improving infiltration activities in South Korea during my days in Kim Jong-Il politico-military university.” Other North Korean ex-agents have made similar testimonies to that of Mr. Ahn. 

To sum up, it is North Korean tyrant Kim Jong-Il himself that has committed abductions around the globe and the issue remains to be resolved.



*“The Echo From Darkness” pp31-32
Ikeda Shoten (1988) and Bungei Shunjyu (1989) (paperback edition)
**“A Lady I Cannot Forget - My 20 Months with Teacher Lee Un-he” pp248-249
Bungei Bunko

 

On Chinese abductees

From NARKN News Sep. 2, 2006


Delegates from AFVKN and NARKN who had visited China came back to Japan on August 31. The following is a part of basic materials which the delegation handed to some Chinese semi-officials. 

■ Basic Information regarding Chinese abductees who had disappeared from Macao

Abductees’ names
Ms. Hong Leng-ieng born in 1957 
Ms. So Mio-chun   born in 1955 or 1956

Profession at the time of abduction
Jewelry shop staffs at the Hotel Lisboa in Macao

Kidnapped Time and Place
Disappeared in Macao on July 2, 1978

Background of the abduction case
 A Thai woman Anocha Panjoy, worked as a massager, disappeared in Macao on the same day. Ms. Hitomi Soga and her husband Mr. Jenkins who returned to Japan in 2005 testified with detailed information that Ms. Anocha was abducted by North Koreans (See material #1). 
 In his book, Confessions – To Tell the Truth (published by Kadokawa Shoten in 2005), Mr. Jenkins says that he heard from Ms. Anocha that there were two Asian women beside her in the ship when she was abducted from Macao. Thus, it is highly likely that Ms. Hong and Ms. So who disappeared on the same day were also abducted to North Korea. 
 Meanwhile, the South Korean actress Ms. Choi Un-hee who was abducted from Hong Kong in 1978 and managed to escape from Vienna in 1986 mentioned in her book, The Echo From Darkness (published by Ikeda Shoten in 1988 and Bungei Shunjyu in 1989, paperback edition) that a Macanese woman named Ms. Hong was living in her neighboring guest house and she and Ms. Hong had a close relationship. 
 Delegates from AFVKN and NARKN visited South Korea on December 13, 2005, and interviewed Ms. Choi Un-hee. As asked to confirm whether it is Ms. Hong Leng-ieng or not by being shown Ms. Hong’s picture which was taken before she disappeared, Ms. Choi verified that the woman she had met in North Korea was undoubtedly Ms. Hong. Furthermore, the delegates interviewed Ms. Choi about personal information she heard from Ms. Hong in details. (Material #2).
 Delegates from AFVKN and NARKN visited Macao on January 13, 2006 and interviewed Ms. Hong’s family. When they confirmed whether information on Ms. Hong provided by Ms. Choi matches her family’s understanding, almost all the information matched. 
 As requested by Ms. Hong’s family members, AFVKN and NARKN arranged meeting between Ms. Hong’s family and Ms. Choi in Seoul on March 18, 2006. 


Material #1 
Three foreign abductees whom Ms. Hitomi Soga knows

 On May 28, 2005, Teruaki Masumoto (Secretary General of AFVKN) and Tsutomu Nishioka (Permanent Vice-Chairman of NARKN) interviewed Ms. Hitomi Soga in Sado-City. 

A Thai female abductee
Name:    Anocha (According to Mr. Jenkin’s recollection, the name was heard as “Anoche”)
Birthday:  About two years elder than Ms. Soga. Assumed to be born some time between August to October. 
Abduction: Ms. Anocha told Ms. Hitomi Soga that she was deceived and kidnapped to North Korea in July 1978, being offered a job in Japan. Mr. Jenkins wrote in his book that “she is said to have been abducted in the streets of Macao and put on a boat.”. 

Place of Birth   Farm land in Thai. She came to Macao for job. 
Family    Father, Mother (passed away), and an elder brother
1980   Married to the US deserter Mr. Larry Abshier
     They lived in a one-story house at Sungho-kuyok Ripsokri (20 minutes away from center of Pyongyang by car)in Pyongyang City. Her house was close to Ms. Soga’s family and they were able to visit each other. 
1983 July 10  Mr. Abshier died from disease. No child between the two. 
1987 December Moved to a two-story apartment (two households for each floor) in Sungho-kuyok Ripsokri where she lived alone at the second floor. Ms. Soga and her family also moved to and became a next door neighbor.   
1989  She moved out from the apartment and has not been seen again. Destination is unknown.
     Since she left, the room was vacant.


Material #2
Testimony by Ms. Choi Un-hee regarding a Macanese woman Ms. Hong (Tsutomo Nishioka, the permanent vice-chairman of NARKN, interviewed Ms. Choi in Seoul on December 13, 2005)
 
・In autumn 1978, Ms. Choi saw Ms. Hong at an entrance of a lodging facility near Kumgangsan Mountain. She was with another female from Macao.
・During around June 1979 through September 20th, Ms. Choi often talked with Ms. Hong who lived in Pyongyang Tongbukri guest house No. 4. Ms. Choi lived in a facility next to Ms. Hong’s. 
・Ms. Choi also had chances to talk with Ms. Hong during January 22, 1982 through March 8th.
・Then Ms. Choi learned that Ms. Hong was teaching Chinese to North Korean agents
・After 1983, as Ms. Choi’s work on movies with reunited film director Shin became busy, she had not talked with or met Ms. Hong ever since.
・Usually called her “Miss. Kon” and never knew her first name 
・Ms. Hong was a Catholic and her Christian name was Maria. In 1982, Ms. Choi went to the forest with her and was baptized, sinking to chest in fallen leaves. Ms. Hong said that she was not qualified to baptize, but under such circumstances, she could do so.
・Ms. Hong’s mother and younger brother lived in Macao. Her father was a college professor in mainland China and could not come with the family when escaping to Macao.
・Her mother was making a living through sewing.
・Ms. Choi was a volleyball player in high school.
・After graduating from high school, she wanted to go on to university yet she decided to work instead to have her younger brother go to university.
・Ms. Hong worked for a jewelry shop and did tour guide as a side business
・In the summer when she was 20, she guided two men who claimed to be Japanese to the beach. There she met a woman who she never met before. The two men put the two women on a boat and after rowing to the shore they were forcefully put on a bigger ship and brought to North Korea
・According to Ms. Hong, there was the other woman looked 10 years older and worked for a bar. As she was socially experienced, the older woman strongly protested with the officials. Contrary, Ms. Hong kept on crying. After being abducted, the two were brought to a foreign currency shop near the embassy district to buy daily commodity. Ms. Hong rushed into the facility of the Indonesian Embassy for help yet was brought back to the North Korean authority. After this, Ms. Hong parted with the other woman. 
・Ms. Choi never heard of a Thai female from Ms. Hong
・After brought to North Korea, Ms. Hong developed a stomach problem. She also underwent uterine surgery. 
・Ms. Hong also said to Ms. Choi that she had participated in Kim Jong-il’s secretive parties. At a party Kim Jong-il said he would arrange good marriage for her. 
・Ms. Choi said that if Ms. Hong’s family members were to come to South Korea, she is willing to meet them. And she would like to help rescue Ms. Hong. 


From NARKN News January 15, 2006

■Teruaki Masumoto (Secretary General of AFVKN) and Tsutomu Nishioka (Permanent Vice-Chairman of NARKN) met with family members of a Macao China national victim abducted by North Korea. 

Teruaki Masumoto and Tsutomu Nishioka met with family members of a potential abductee whose nationality is Macao China. As a result of this meeting, Ms. Hong Leng-ieng has been verified of being abducted by North Korea. AFVKN and NARKN will now work together to clarify the case and demand the return of Ms. Hong Leng-ieng. 
 
# Meeting Date: January 13, 2006 18:00pm to around 20:00pm 
# Meeting Place: A hotel in Macao 
# Victim Profile: 
- Hong Leng-ieng 
- Born in 1957
- Disappeared in Macao on July 2, 1978 
- Worked as a Jewelry Shop Staff at a hotel in Macao
- On the same day, her colleague Ms. So Mio-chun and a Thai woman Ms. Anocha Panjoy disappeared from the scene as well.
- A returned South Korean abductee Ms. Choi Un-hee has testified that she saw Ms. Hong in North Korea.
# Family Members who met with Japanese Rescue Movement delegation: 
Hong Leng-chun (younger brother), born in 1959        
The father (from his personal request, the name is not made public), born in 1922 

Summary of the meeting:
Nishioka first conveyed the testimony he had heard in South Korea from Ms. Choi Un-hee to the family members of Ms. Hong Leng-ieng and confirmed the details. As a result, with the exception of the information regarding the person who was abducted together with Ms. Hong, all the factors matched with the family’s understanding. 
The father and younger brother of Ms. Hong said, “Judging from what we have heard today and what is stated by Ms. Choi in her book, it is highly likely that that our loved one has been kidnapped.” 
The younger brother also said, “As brothers who have their older sisters held captive in North Korea, Mr. Masumoto and I share the same tragedy. So, I have been waiting to meet Mr. Masumoto and work together to bring back our sisters in safe as soon as possible.” 
Moreover, Ms. Hong’s father stated, “I want to convey my deepest sympathy towards Mr. Masumoto who has long been fighting to bring back his older sister. Also, we appreciate Mr. Nishioka for giving us this quite valuable information on my daughter.” 
Masumoto explained about rescue movement in Japan, but the two family members responded by saying that “we fully share the objective, yet at this point we would rather keep quiet and avoid holding any press conference.” 
Masumoto asked if they were concerned about the danger that might fall upon their captive family in North Korea when they spoke out. The two men didn’t want to elaborate on that point. 
However, the two expressed their hope to continue sharing information with AFVKN and NARKN to clarify the issue.
Masumoto and Nishioka promised that they would demand rescue of all the abductees including Ms. Hong in Japan as well as international community. 

●The consistencies and the discrepancies between the recognition of the family members of Ms. Hong and the testimony made by the South Korean abductee Ms. Choi. 

・Ms. Choi testified that she had heard from Ms. Hong that her “mother and younger brother lives in Macao” and her “father is a professor at a university in mainland China and could not come with the family when escaping to Macao.” This testimony totally matches with the description of the Ms. Hong’s family.
・The occupation of Ms. Hong’s mother “needlework” also matches the family’s description. 
・The occupation of Ms. Hong’s father almost matches the family’s description as well. Although he was not a teacher at a university, he had graduated from a university and taught at a junior high school. 
※ In Ms. Choi’s book published in 1988, she writes “Ms. Hong’s father was a teacher in mainland China.” 
・The testimony that Ms. Hong’s religion was Catholic also matches. The family members did not know the Christian name of “Maria”, so further research is to be done on this point. 
・The testimony of Ms. Hong being a volleyball player in high school is also correct. She played volleyball for three years in high school and was selected as a member of the Macao team. 
※This information is not written in the book written by Ms. Choi.
・Ms. Choi testified of Ms. Hong saying that she “wanted to go on to university, but decided to work instead to send her younger brother to university.” This completely matches with the family’s description. She offered her mother that she would work in order to pay her younger brother’s tuition.
・The job, “jewelry store staff”, is exactly correct. 
・The testimony that Ms. Hong was working as a “tour guide for side-business” almost matches. She was selling tickets for dog races. However, one week before her disappearance, she told her mother that someone had asked her to be a tour guide and she would accept that with her colleague. According to the younger brother, this might have been the first time she has ever done a tour guide. 
・Her age at the abduction, “a summer when she was 20 years old”, perfectly matches. 
・The only information that does not match with the family members’ recognition was the person Ms. Hong was kidnapped along with. Ms. Choi testified that “(Ms. Hong) guided two self-proclaimed Japanese men to the beach and met a woman who she has never met and looked 10 years older than her. The woman worked for a bar.” However, the person who disappeared on the same day with Ms. Hong was her colleague Ms. So Mio-chun at the jewelry store. Ms. So was 22 years old then. The two families had known each other before they both disappeared. The families called each other back on the next day. There is no doubt that they disappeared together. According to the assumption of the younger brother of Ms. Hong, the woman might be the Thai abductee Ms. Anocha Panjoy.

●The testimony of Ms. Choi regarding Ms. Hong— Interviewed by Nishioka in Seoul on December 13, 2005

・In autumn 1978, Ms. Choi saw Ms. Hong at an entrance of a lodging facility near Kumgangsan Mountain. She was with another female from Macao.
・During around June 1979 through September 20th, Ms. Choi often talked with Ms. Hong who lived in Pyongyang Tongbukri guest house No. 4. Ms. Choi lived in a facility next to Ms. Hong’s. 
・Ms. Choi also had the chance to talk with Ms. Hong during January 22, 1982 through March 8th.
・Then Ms. Choi learned that Ms. Hong was teaching Chinese to North Korean agents
・After 1983, as Ms. Choi’s work on movies with reunited film director Shin became busy, she had not talked with or met Ms. Hong ever since.
・Usually called her “Miss. Kon” and never knew her first name 
・Ms. Hong was a Catholic and her Christian name was Maria. In 1982, Ms. Choi went to the forest with her and was baptized, sinking to chest in fallen leaves. Ms. Hong said that she was not qualified to baptize, but under such circumstances, she could do so.
・Ms. Hong’s mother and younger brother lived in Macao. Her father was a college professor in mainland China and could not come with the family when escaping to Macao.
・Her mother was making a living through sewing.
・Ms. Choi was a volleyball player in high school.
・After graduating from high school, she wanted to go on to university yet she decided to work instead to have her younger brother go to university.
・Ms. Hong worked for a jewelry shop and did tour guide as a side business
・In the summer when she was 20, she guided two men who claimed to be Japanese to the beach. There she met a woman who she never met before. The two men put the two women on a boat and after rowing to the shore they were forcefully put on a larger ship and brought to North Korea
・According to Ms. Hong, there was the other woman looked 10 years older and worked for a bar. As she was socially experienced, the older woman strongly protested with the officials. Contrary, Ms. Hong kept on crying. After being abducted, the two were brought to a foreign currency shop near the embassy district to buy daily commodity. Ms. Hong rushed into the facility of the Indonesian Embassy for help yet was brought back to the North Korean authority. After this, Ms. Hong parted with the other woman. 
・Ms. Choi never heard of a Thai female from Ms. Hong
・After brought to North Korea, Ms. Hong developed a stomach problem. She also underwent uterine surgery. 
・Ms. Hong also said to Ms. Choi that she had participated in Kim Jong-il’s secretive parties. At a party Kim Jong-il said he would arrange good marriage for her. 
・Ms. Choi said that if Ms. Hong’s family members were to come to South Korea, she is willing to meet them. And she would like to help rescue Ms. Hong. 

Mar. 17, 2006

Time for Decisive Action, Mr. Koizumi!

Unilateral Sanctions Against North Korea Now!

Japan’s unilateral sanctions against North Korea
 will contribute towards rescuing the abductees!

  Imposing immediate economic sanctions against North Korea for their inhumane act of abducting numerous Japanese citizens will contribute in rescuing these abductees. Indeed, if we fail to impose sanctions now, this would cause a serious setback in resolving this problem.
Japan’s unilateral sanctions will convey to both the domestic and international society, the strong determination of our nation to rescue all the abductees. 
  Now that Kim Jon-Il’s insincere and criminal behaviors to return fake remaining bodies of a Japanese abducted victim has been revealed, we must take strong action and impose sanctions against them to make clear that we will never tolerate such violence. If we hesitate to take that necessary action, we will end up sending a passive message that we do not take those crimes seriously. 
  Some people claim that Japan’s sanctions may not be effective because China and South Korea are already supporting North Korea’s economic losses by providing aid through unmonitored channels.
This perspective is simply insufficient, ignoring that sanctions are synonymous to asserting our national will and dignity towards the DPRK. We believe that our strong determination as a nation will force North Korea to change their policy towards Japan. 

Presumed Effect (Part 1): 
Sanctions will send Japan’s clear message to North Korea so that the leadership will be forced to change the policy towards Japan.

The sanctions are intended to send a strong message to Kim Jong-Il. Once Japan implements unilateral sanctions, Kim Jong-Il will learn our unbending determination to rescue the abductees and he will be forced to replace those officials who have drafted the fake scenario of stating that, “eight abductees died, and the other two did not enter North Korea.” Also, his regime will learn that without the resolve of the abduction issue, there will never be normalization of diplomatic relationship with Japan and economic aid will never be provided. This will result to the leadership in Pyongyang to plan for the complete resolution of the abduction cases. Economic sanctions indeed aims for this effect.

Presumed Effect (Part 2): 
Sanctions will inform the successor of Kim Jong-Il that they will receive no economic aid from Japan unless all abductees safely return to their home country.

  Sanctions will send a message to the post-Kim-Jong-Il leadership. As we know very well, North Korean people’s support for Kim Jong-Il has hit its lowest bottom, and their domestic politics is unstable. A likely scenario of a coup d’etat; an armed force (army or political police) will assassinate or arrest Kim Jong-Il, resulting in a possible temporary insecurity and civil war. In preparation for that event, we must plan on rescuing the abductees in North Korea. Hence, it is important to send a message in advance that Japan takes the abductees’ life very seriously. We need to let the leadership in Pyongyang know that they have to send all abductees back home in order to receive food and economic aid from Japan. Once that message reaches them, when a regime change takes place in North Korea, those who have toppled the Kim Jong-Il regime will order the intelligence agency to secure all abductees, so that they will not be killed in street combats. Again, it is important to express the determination and our anger by taking solitary sanctions against North Korea.

Presumed Effect (Part 3): 
Sanctions will drive South Korea, China, and Russia to work for rescuing the abductees.

Sanctions will also send a message to South Korea, China, and Russia. These three countries, who are hesitant to see an economic blockade against North Korea under the initiative of the U.S., have been trying to persuade Kim Jong-Il to make concessions on the nuclear development issue, with a hope that Japan will provide financial resource after the expected normalization between the two countries. Once Japan imposes sanctions against North Korea on account of the abduction crimes, Kim Jong-Il’s decision for concessions on the nuclear issue will not be enough to lift this targeted sanction which is aimed to resolving the abduction issue. Japan will not offer any financial resources if this crime were to be left unsettled. Eventually, South Korea, China and Russia will be forced to persuade Kim Jong-Il to take steps on the abduction issue so that Japan’s demands are fully met. In other words, imposing unilateral sanctions on account of abductions will provide the best leverage in pushing these three countries to take such action.

Presumed Effect (Part 4): 
Sanction will provide a step towards the inclusion of the abduction issue in the U.N. Security Council Resolution. 

Our solitary sanctions will be a significant first step in prompting multi-national sanctions by the U.N. Security Council. Unless we do not impose sanctions ourselves, other countries will not understand the imminence of this problem as well as the necessity to support this cause. When the U.N. Security Council discusses North Korea’s nuclear development issue in the near future, its resolution will expectedly state, “the sanctions against North Korea will not be lifted unless it abandons nuclear weapon development”. We believe that it is important to persuade the Council to also add that “the sanctions will not be lifted unless North Korea releases all abductees from Japan, South Korea and other countries.” As seen, Japan’s action to impose economic sanctions is pivotal in bringing back not only the Japanese, but the South Korean and other various nationalities who were victimized by North Korea. 

Presumed Effect (Part 5):
Sanction will strengthen the Japan-US alliance

Those who claim that unilateral sanctions will not be effective ignore the big picture. They pretend to follow an idealistic belief in diplomacy that a settlement could be reached with the DPRK through mere dialogue and engagement. They have refused to think by their own intellect on how to dismantle the terrorist country, how to replace dictatorship with democracy and end its human rights abuses, how to maintain the overall security of the Korean peninsula. Instead they irresponsibly leave those issues to the U.S. to take care of. Our decision to impose sanctions against North Korea to rescue the abductees will be the first step towards taking an active role in disposing the Kim Jon-Il regime in cooperation with the Bush administration. Without such efforts, not only the Japan-US alliance, but also the security and prosperity of Japan will soon be at risk.

*The administration openly suggested imminent sanctions against North Korea in December 2004.

On December 24 2004, as all the “material evidence” including remains and death certificates provided by North Korea turned out to be fabrication, Japanese government openly referred to sanctions saying “Japan would have to take stern measures if North Korea doesn’t respond in an immediate and sincere manner” (remarks by then Chief Cabinet Secretary Hosoda). This warning was surely based on the assumption all the abductees are alive. However, North Korea has kept insisting that Japan falsified the result of examination regarding the remains. This is really outrageous. It is clear that there is no “immediate and sincere response”. 
Imposing economic sanctions is to show national will to retrieve all of the victims abducted to North Korea. If we hesitate to do so, we are to send a very dangerous message that Japan does not regard the abduction issue seriously. 
In 2004, the Diet has already enacted sanctions laws that suspend remittances from Japan and trade with North Korea and forbids entry of ships coming from North Korea. Special Committee on Abduction Issue of both Houses of the Diet approved imposing economic sanctions and Rachi Giren (Parliamentarian League for Early Repatriation of Japanese Citizens Kidnapped by North Korea) is calling for applying economic sanctions. Task Forces for the Resolution of Abduction Issue of the Liberal Democratic Party, Democratic Party of Japan, and Komei Party are also demanding imposition of economic sanctions. Large majority of Japanese citizens is supporting for implementation of economic sanctions as well, which is reflected in more than five millions of signatures. They were handed in the government. Kazoku Kai (Association of the Families of Victims Kidnapped by North Korea) and Sukuukai (National Association for the Rescue of Japanese Kidnapped by North Korea) backed by assistance of Rachi Giren and participation of a lot of citizens, called for imposing economic sanctions by holding sit-in protest for 3 days around prime minister’s office in June 2005. 
In spite of the situation, Prime Minister Koizumi has not implemented economic sanctions. 

*U.S. Government imposing economic sanctions because of abduction issue of Japanese citizens

Since terrorism bombing of a KAL airliner in 1987, U.S. government has designated North Korea as a terrorist state. U.S. government has already imposed economic sanctions against North Korea. Since 2001, Kazoku Kai and Sukuukai have asked U.S. government to include abduction issue as a reason to designate North Korea as a terrorist state. Bush administration accepted the request and included abduction of Japanese citizens as one of the reasons to regard North Korea as a terrorist state in Patterns of Global Terrorism 2003 and 2004. In October 2004, U.S. congress passed North Korea Human Rights Act by unanimous consent in both Houses, which includes the regulation that U.S. government is unable to provide economic assistance except humanitarian assistance against North Korea until abduction issues of Japanese and South Korean citizens resolve. The U.S. government has taken steps to pressure North Korea for the Japanese victims. 

*Japan too must show national will by imposing sanctions. 

If Japan imposes economic sanctions because of the abduction issue, North Korea will ask Japan for their lifting. This will effectively bolster the Japan’s position. Japanese government has so far assisted North Korea by sending rice, which only benefits privileged class. We do not need to provide such an assistance but only need to say, “if you return Megumi and other abductees to Japan, we will allow Man Gyong Bong to enter Niigata port once a year.” 
Why Prime Minister Koizumi cannot do that? If Japanese government does not do so, Japan will be regarded as a country which does not resent even if its sovereignty is violated. 
Megumi was abducted at age 13 and became 41-year-old as of October 2005. On the day Megumi was abducted, she was walking on her way home from school as usual. She was abducted by North Korean spies, stuffed into a bag, and taken to a spy ship. She cried out “Mom, mom, help me!” so loudly that she was confined to a dark hold for 40 hours. In the hold, she continued crying out “Mom, mom!” scrabbling the concrete wall, so her nails were peeled off and covered in blood when the ship reached North Korea. 
We have to hear Megumi’s cry, “Mom”, as a cry for her “home land, Japan”. 
Whether the scale is large or small, a government is to protect its sovereignty and its own citizens. The most needed reform now is to realize the responsible government that can act determinedly. The government should show national will of retrieving all the abductees by imposing sanctions. Without that, it cannot save victims. The victims’ families who are aging and exhausted to rush around across the nation trying to retrieve their loved ones cannot have hope until the government shows an unwavering resolve.

Contact: NARKN office (Sukuu-kai)
1-17-11-905, Otowa, Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 112-0013, JAPAN
Tel:81-3-3946-5780 Fax:81-3-3946-5784
E-mail: info@sukuukai.jp http://www.sukuukai.jp